Helmut P. Gaisbauer
- 23 Septembre 2016
This book explores the philosophical, and in particular ethical, issues concerning the conceptualization, design and implementation of poverty alleviation measures from the local to the global level. It connects these topics with the ongoing debates on social and global justice, and asks what an ethical or normative philosophical perspective can add to the economic, political, and other social science approaches that dominate the main debates on poverty alleviation. Divided into four sections, the volume examines four areas of concern: the relation between human rights and poverty alleviation, the connection between development and poverty alleviation, poverty within affluent countries, and obligations of individuals in regard to global poverty.An impressive collection of essays by an international group of scholars on one of the most fundamental issues of our age. The authors consider crucial aspects of poverty alleviation: the role of human rights; the connection between development aid and the alleviation of poverty; how to think about poverty within affluent countries (particularly in Europe); and individual versus collective obligations to act to reduce poverty.Judith Lichtenberg
Department of Philosophy
Georgetown UniversityThis collection of essays is most welcome addition to the burgeoning treatments of poverty and inequality. What is most novel about this volume is its sustained and informed attention to the explicitly ethical aspects of poverty and poverty alleviation. What are the ethical merits and demerits of income poverty, multidimensional-capability poverty, and poverty as nonrecognition? How important is poverty alleviation in comparison to environmental protection and cultural preservation? Who or what should be agents responsible for reducing poverty? The editors concede that their volume is not the last word on these matters. But, these essays, eschewing value neutrality and a retreat into technical mastery, challenge us to find fresh and reasonable answers to these urgent questions. David A. Crocker
School of Public Policy
University of Maryland
- 20 Janvier 2015
This volume presents philosophical contributions examining questions of the grounding and justification of taxation and different types of taxes such as inheritance, wealth, consumption or income tax in relation to justice and the concept of a just society. The chapters cover the different levels at which the discussion on taxation and justice takes place: On the principal level, chapters investigate the justification and grounding of taxation as such and the role taxation plays and should play in the design of justice, be it for a just society or a just world order. On a more concrete level, chapters present discussions of these general reflections in more depth and examine different types of taxation, tax systems and their design and implementation. On an applied level, chapters discuss certain specific taxes, such as wealth and inheritance taxes, and examine whether or not a certain tax should be favored and for what reasons as well as why it is just to target certain kinds of assets or income. Finally, this volume contains chapters that discuss the central issue of international and global taxation and their relation to global justice.
- Springer vs
- 16 Septembre 2013
Die AutorInnen des Bandes reflektieren aus den Blickwinkeln der Philosophie, Ökonomie, Politikwissenschaft, Wirtschaftspsychologie, des Sozialrechts und der Gerontologie die Problematik der Besteuerung von Vermgen und Vermgensübertragungen. Die Beiträge stehen im Kontext einer breiteren Auseinandersetzung um Fragen der Finanzierbarkeit und Ausgestaltung des Wohlfahrtsstaates, des Zusammenhanges zwischen Armut, Alter und Gesundheit, von steuerpsychologischen Fragen und solchen der sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Der Band spannt damit einen interdisziplinären Bogen von grundsätzlichen Themenstellungen bis hin zu solchen der Umsetzung und Funktionalität verschiedener Ansätze. Er bietet damit in Summe neue, stimulierende Perspektiven auf ein viel diskutiertes Thema?